Lieutenant Martin Savage
Lieutenant Martin Savage from Ballisodare, County Sligo. On 19th December 1919 the I.R.A. attempted to assassinate Field Marshall Sir John French the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Eight members of ‘The Squad’ accompanied by Dan Breen, Sean Treacy, Seamus Robinson and Sean Hogan attacked French’s motorcade at Ashtown Cross, Dublin as he returned to his residence in the Pheonix Park. One member of French’s escort and Martin Savage (pictured) were killed during the attack. Sir John French who was travelling in the first car had a narrow escape – the I.R.A. had concentrated their fire on the second vehicle in the motorcade in the mistaken belief that French was travelling inside it.
Terrance Mc Swiney (standing second from right) with a group of Irish Volunteer officers at a training camp. Terence Mac Swiney the Mayor of Cork died in Brixton Prison, London on the 25th October 1920 after 74 days on hunger strike. Mac Swiney’s death made newspaper headlines around the world and brought increasing international political pressure on the British Government to reach a political settlement with the Irish Republicans.
Tom Barry Commander of the 3rd West Cork Brigade Flying Column. On the 28th of November 1920 Barry led an I.R.A. Flying Column that ambushed a patrol of eighteen R.I.C. Auxiliaries at Kilmichael, County Cork. Sixteen of the Auxiliaries and three I.R.A. Volunteers were killed in the ambush. One of the Auxiliaries escaped but was captured and killed shortly afterwards. Only one of the Auxiliaries Cadet H.F. Forde survived the ambush but was left permanently debilitated by his wounds. The I.R.A.’s success at Kilmichael was a serious blow to the British. Lloyd George the British Prime Minister observed: “The last attack of the rebels seemed …to partake of a different character from the proceeding operations. The others were assassinations. This last was a military operation.”
I.R.A. Volunteers Paddy Dunne, Patrick Quinn, Michael O’ Hanrahan, P. Nixon and an unidentified fifth member of the Kilkenny Brigade photographed shortly after the Coolbawn Ambush. On the 18th June 1921 British soldiers surprised an I.R.A. unit that had preparing an ambush position for a British military convoy expected to travel between Castlecomer and Athy. Two members of the I.R.A., John Hartley and Nicholas Mullins, were killed in the fighting that followed.
Easter April 1922. Veterans of the 1916 Rising commemorate the Rising’s 6th anniversary by marching through the city. The men marching behind the banner are members of E. Company 4th Battalion of the I.R.A.’s Dublin Brigade. Most members of this unit had attended Saint Enda’s Patrick Pearse’s school at Rathfarnham.