This page is intended to cover the lesser known Volunteers.

IRA Volunteer, Does anybody know who it is?

By James Langton:

Commemoration Mass at Swinford – East Mayo Brigade I.R.A.

by James Langton:

The Squad Reunion in 1948

Carlow IRA

Members of the Cumann na mBan and old IRA

By James Langton:

Annual Reunion (1952) of C Coy 1st batt (old IRA) possible taken at the Customs House Dublin

Foundation of the Volunteers

IRA

Foundation of the Volunteers

Captain Jack White and Irish Citizen Army at Croydon House Dublin

Tir Connell Flying Column

This is titled Howth Volunteers 1916,

ICA on the roof of Liberty Hall, this photo shows more than the usual photo as its taken back a few steps

plaque which is in the gym of Richmond Barracks, Inchicore, later part of Saint Michaels School. now since closed.

Joe Healy: Pictured in 1921 are members of the 1st. Battalion, 1st. Cork Brigade from the Fair Hill/Blackpool area of Cork city, including (on left) my father Tom Healy, aged 18.

Firing party at Joseph McGuinness funeral in Glasnevin Cemetery 2nd June 1922

By Stephen Murphy:

This is two pictures I’ve had in my collections for a while. They were given to me by a great Aunt on her death bed, she hold me ‘Jack’ was never forgotten. Sadly I can’t find where he fits in on the family tree which I’ve managed to research back to 1850’s. Another relative killed in WOI I have posted earlier and he is clearly an ancestor. On ‘Jack’ his mother was ‘Maggie’ that’s all i have. He’s buried in Glasnevin in the same grave as Erskine Childers. Any info on him that anyone has, I would greatly receive. Thanks for letting me use this forum.

By James Langton.

By James Langton, Irish Volunteer Sean Lemass in uniform

Aiken and Lemass with the famous flag, after it was handed back to Ireland by the British Imperial Museum as a gift. Now on display in the National Museum, Collins’ Barracks.

Firing Party Thomas Ashe Funeral

Tomás MacCurtain, lying in state ,by James langton

Cork Volunteers

IRA Column 1920′s , Ireland ,,, James Langton

By James Langton:

Ceannt in Volunteer uniform in a parade in a Dublin street

By James Langton:

Michael Walker was present at the inaugural meeting of the Irish Volunteers in 1913. He and his brother John were both posted to Jacob’s on Easter Monday. His statement in the National Archives describes a hostile crowd in Blackpitts “singing and dancing to English songs of a quasi-patriotic nature”. He and his brother escaped from Jacob’s after the surrender but were subsequently arrested and sent to Stafford jail. (Jacob’s Biscuit Factory and surrounding homes housed the 2nd Battalion of Volunteer forces under Commandant Thomas McDonagh and was surrendered on Sunday, 30 April 1916) .A talented sportsman, he competed in 1912 Stockholm Olympics as a Road Cyclist, was the fifty mile Irish Road Champion and also was a founding member of Old St. Mary’s Football Club. The Stephen’s Cup and other cycling trophies awarded to him are now held in the National Museum’s collection.

Terrence MacSwiney

By James Langton:

Members of Old IRA arrested by British forces on St John’s eve March 1921 at Piggott’s of Milltown, Croagh, Co. Limerick. Left to Right, Michael John Neville, Kiltannan Croagh, Bill Sheehy (farm worker at Piggott’s incorrectly included in the arrested group and released from custody), Timmy Hartigan, Kiltannan, Croagh, Jack Neville, Ballinaguile Croagh, Jack Farrell, Adare, Capt. Jack Hickey, Clonshire, Adare and Jack Horgan, Capparough, Adare. Photo taken by Rita Piggott. All were interned at Limerick Prison until the truce between Britiain and Ireland

By Mike Vearnals:

Irish Republican Army Entering Victoria Barracks
Ireland’s Biggest Garrison for Republican Army. Troops of the Irish Republican army entering the Victoria Barracks, Athlone, the largest Military Garrison to be turned over to the Irish forces since the signing of the Irish Peace Treaty. Republican troops are garrisoned in most of the barracks formerly occupied by British troops and are taking over all Military work.

By James Langton:

Art O’Donnell was born in 1890 at Tullycrine, Co. Clare. He received his primary education at Tullycrine N.S. and Cooraclare N.S. He trained as a teacher at St. Patrick’s Drumcondra, Dublin. He had a most distinguished career during the War of Independence when he served terms of imprisonment in Belfast’s Crumlin Road, Mountjoy, Cork and Dundalk prisons as well as several English jails. He was Commandant of the 7th Clare Battalion of the Irish Volunteers.

Art O’Donnell He was Commandant of the 7th Clare Battalion of the Irish Volunteers.

Countess Markievicz with a Cumann na mBan group on an outing in Co. Wicklow.

‎14 IRA men of the 4th battalion of the IRA First Cork Brigade, under Diarmuid O’Hurley killed in action (2 later executed and many of the 12 murdered after capture), at Clonmult, Co. Cork, 20 of February, 1921.

Clonmult IRA

By james Langton:

Sean Moylans Flying Column

By Martin O’Reilly:

Cork IRA

Lieu Pat O’Sullivan fatally wounded at Upton Ambush. He died two days later from his injuries.

By Dave Power:

Irish Volunteers

By Terry Fagan:

By Terry fagan: Two of Michael Collins’s top IRA men Dick McKee and Peadar Clancy were betrayed to British Crown forces by an ex-British Army soldier, James “Shankers” Ryan and captured at Sean Fitzpatrick’s house at 36 Lower Gloucester Street (renamed Sean McDermott Street). The night before Bloody Sunday by the Royal Irish Constabulary and Black and Tans and brought to Dublin Castle where they were cruelly tortured under interrogation along with Conor Clune from County Clare. The three were later be shot on 21 November 1920. The official account put out by Dublin Castle was, they were shot while “trying to escape”. In retaliation, on February 5th 1921 an IRA squad led by Bill Stapleton walked into Hynes’ pub in Gloucester Place in the heart of Monto and shot Ryan dead. “Shankers” Ryan was a brother of Becky Cooper one of the Madams of the famous red-light district known as “Monto” I interviewed and recorded Sean Fitspatrick’s son who was in the house at the time of the raid. He told me the full story of what happened on that faithful night in 1920.

By Joe Healy-Martin O’Reilly

Members of the Macroom IRA on the steps of Macroom castle on the day the Free State forces took the town. The castle was burned by the Republicans shortly after this photo was taken. The men in this picture would have then retreated to the hills surrounding Ballingeary and Ballyvourney and some would have fought at Beal Na Blath a few days after the photo was taken.

By Martin O’Reilly:

Brig Tom Hales and QM Pat Harte After being interrorated in Bandon Bks Pat Harte holding a Union flag that he had torn from a wall behind him. After this he recieved further beatings. He never recovered, and died in Cork Mental Hospital on Feb 16th 1924.

By Brendan Hickey: This would become one of the first military undertakens of the Volunteers, after unloading the cargo of 900 mauser rifles and 26.000 rounds of ammunition of the Asgard at Howth pier in Dublin on the 26July 1914. They then had to transport them to storage points around the city. How?…….. Look what was strapped to the crossbars on their bicycles

By Sol Menadoza:

Committee Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa’s funeral.

By Mike Vearnals:

Donnchadh MacNeilus in his uniform as a Volunteer Officer. He was daringly rescued from Cork Jail by his comrades in the Cork Brigade on Armistice Day 1918.

by Mike Vearnals:

Edward Lyons B.coy 2nd bat. jacobs garrison.

by James Langton:

ICA members drilling outside Dublin City

By James Langton:

Pearse at Rossa’s funeral

By James Langton:

Irish republican POWs Frongoch

By James Langton:

Jim Mansfield, Waterford Brigade, IRA

By Mike Vearnals:

The MacCurtain family.

By James Langton:

A very rare photograph. Squad member Charlie Byrne, nicknamed “The Count”, leaving Green Street Courthouse with W.T.Cosgrave. This photo was given to me by his daughter.

By Mike Vearnals:

A.S.U. Mayo.

Mayo IRA

By Risteard O’Murchu, Belfast:

By Mike Vearnals:

John Ned Quinn, South Armagh, He was second in command to Frank Aiken, c.1975

By Sean Mann:

 

irish volunteers Wolfhound

By Risteard O’Murchu Belfast:

IRA B & C Company Belfast Brigade, Upper Springfield Road, West Belfast, near Hannahstown, August 1921

IRA B & C Company Belfast Brigade, Upper Springfield Road, West Belfast, near Hannahstown, August 1921

By Mike Vearnals:

IRA Volunteers, Waterford 1921.

By Padraig Og O’Ruairc:

IRA Volunteer Thomas J Ringrose, Meelick Company East Clare Brigade IRA who participated in the Cratloe Ambush. He was later captured by the British forces and interned on Spike Island, Cork.

By Mike Vearnals:

Vol.James Power, Ballinamult.

By Padraig O’Ruairc:

IRA Volunteer Tom Mc Grath, East Clare Brigade IRA. Participant in the Cratloe & Glenwood Ambushes Jan 1921

By Padraig O’Ruairc,IRA Volunteer John “Bishop” Ryan, East Clare Brigade IRA.

By James Langton:

The Rebel Countess with revolver

By James Langton:

Volunteer with Tommy gun, Clare

By Sol Mendoza:

Winifried Carney, Cumann na mBan`s member and the secretary of James Connolly in Belfast. The only woman in the ocupation of Gpo in Easter Monday, 1916.

By James Langton:

Members of the Cork number 1 Brigade taken during the summer of 1921

George Lennon and Roger McCorley, Old IRA, crossing what appears to be O’Connell Bridge Dublin

By James Langton:

Plunketts Column circa 1923

By James Langton:

Captain Thomas Weafer, KIA Hibernian Bank, O’Connell St. 1916

Captain Thomas Weafer was shot and killed on Wednesday April 26 1916 while occupying the Hibernian Bank on the corner of Lower Abbey Street and Sackville Street. The strategic importance of the building is clear. It allowed Weafer and his men to control access to the street from Amiens Street Station for example, and members of the the GPO Garrison were occupying a number of buildings on each sidMeda Ryan wrote about the experiences of Leslie Price (who went on to marry Tom Barry), in her study of the famous Cork rebel leader entitled Tom Barry: IRA Freedom Fighter.

Receiving no orders, like many Cumann na mBan activists, Leslie headed for the G.P.O
Initially they cooked meals and helped the men in the Hibernian Bank. On Tuesday forenoon the building came under attack from British troops. Leslie was standing beside Capt. Tom Weafer, OC of the Hibernian Garrison, when a bullet whizzed past her and into his stomach. As she was about to attend to him another bullet lodged in the chest of the man who had gone to Capt. Weafer’s aid. She had just time to say a prayer in Weafer’s ear when he died.

e of Sackville Street. The Rebellion Handbook published in 1916 by The Irish Times gives the following listing for Weafer:

Weafer, Thomas, was a captain in the Irish Republican Army, and belonged to Enniscorthy, where he was born twenty-six years ago. He was killed in the Hibernian Bank at the corner of Sackville Street and Lower Abbey Street, on Wednesday 26th April.

Weafer is refered to as Thomas Wafer in an entertaining piece from ‘Sceilg’, the pen name of choice for John Joseph O’Kelly. In his piece The GPO, now widely available within the recently republished Dublin’s Fighting Story, he wrote that

At the Hibernian Bank, Lower Abbey Street, Captain Thomas Wafer of Enniscorthy died of terrible wounds, at the age of twenty-six, the place in which he fell being soon shrouded in flames

The body of Thomas Weafer was never recovered, lost to the fire that destroyed the premises. Some idea of the ferocity of the fires that broke out on Sackville Street during the insurrection can be obtained from the Bureau of Military History Witness Statement of Oscar Traynor (W.S 340) who remarked that

Some time on Thursday a barricade which stretched from the Royal Hibernian Academy to a cycle shop- I think the name of it was Keating’s, on the opposite side of the street, took fire as a result of a direct shell hit. It was the firing of this barricade that caused the fire which wiped out the east side of O’ Connell St. I saw that happen myself. I saw the barricade being hit, I saw the fire consuming it and I saw Keating’s going up. Then Hoyt’s caught fire, and when Hoyt’s caught fire the whole block up to Earl St. became involved. Hoyt’s had a lot of turpentine and other inflammable stuff, and I saw the fire spread from there to Clery’s. Clery’s and the Imperial Hotel were one and the same building, and this building was ignited from the fire which consumed Hoyt’s (…..) I had the extraordinary experience of seeing the huge plate-glass windows of Clery’s stores run molten into the channel from the terrific heat.

The National Graves Association unveiled a plaque to Captain Thomas Weafer on Easter Sunday 1936. Notice the Weafer spelling is used on the contemporary site, while the plaque reads Wafer.

Weafer was a married man who was living in North Dublin at the time of the insurrection. Today, a street in his hometown of Enniscorthy is named after him (Weafer Street) and the plaque to his memory remains. While partially obstructed by a newspaper stall, this plaque remains readable to the passing public. It is, like the earlier linked-to plaque marking the spot of the Irish Farm Produce Company premises, an important site of the 1916 Rising marked.

By James Langton:

Pat Deasy, killed in the Kilmichael Ambush. Pat was a brother of the famous Liam Deasy.Cork IRA. He was a mere 16 years old when he was shot

By Mike Vearnals:

In Portrait of a Rebel Father , Nora Connolly O’ Brien, daughter of James Connolly, describes the initial reaction of the family to their fathers execution.

Nora Connolly O’ Brien
“Mama, we must go back to the Castle and ask for daddy’s body”
“They won’t give it to us”
“We must ask”
It was refused.
“Mrs. Connolly”- a nurse came to them as they stood in the hall not knowing what to do- “before Mr. Connolly left us I cut this off for you” On her hand was a lock of daddy’s hair. Mama took it and held to her cheek all that was left of him.

By James Langton:

The Pearse family home and monumental workshop back in the day.

By James Langton:

The boys of the Old Brigade CORK

By James Langton:

Bill Lennon IRA Volunteer,

they are Roger Mc Corley and Bob O Donnell (Fitzgerald) pictured at Glenravel 1921 for more information mike you can read the book Northern Divisions The old I.R.A. and the Belfast pogroms 1920-22 by Jim Mc Dermott

By James Langton:

By James Langton:Handover of Kilkenny Barracks Sixth from left in the front row James J Comerford, At the time of the hand over the Kilkenny People reported on the jubilant scenes that accompanied the hand over. “On Tuesday last, February 7th, the Kilkenny military barracks were formally handed over to representatives of the Irish Provisional Government. The historic event was marked by striking demonstrations of public rejoicing, and all classes of the citizens gave undeniable evidence of the satisfaction and pleasure occassioned by the British garrison and subsequent occupation of the premises by a number of picked men from the Kilkenny Brigade IRA,” said a report on the events published on February 11, 1922. An eye witness on the day who was one of the men who was picked to occupy the barracks after the British troops had vacated was, James J Comerford from Coon, Co Kilkenny. Judge Comerford went on to be a criminal court Judge in Manhattan. James J Comerford wrote his memories My Kilkenny IRA Days. Mr Comerford recalls in his book how the local IRA brigade organised a March from St James’s Park through Kilkenny. The organisation of the marching group fell to a Brigadier O’Dwyer who decided to form a “Marching Unit” of armed IRA men with rifles for the purpose of parading formally. Judge Comerford’s book singles out the various groups who came out on to the streets of to cheer on the IRA brigade. “We were cheered loudly by a group of Smithwick’s Brewery workers,” he said, “comrades of IRA Officer Martin Cassidy, of College Road, who had worked in Smithwicks in earlier days when he was organising the Irish Volunteers.” The column of IRA men were cheered on by staff of the Kilkenny People and the Mayor of Kilkenny Peter DeLoughrey, who had been imprisoned with DeValera. The marching IRA soldiers were even cheered on by the Friars at the end of Friary street, who blessed the men as they passed. The Marching Unit stopped on the parade and waited to be given the all clear to proceed to the Barracks. The English soldiers garrisoned in the barracks made the Kilkenny IRA men wait a half an hour before the message came out from the barracks that everything was in order and the Kilkenny men could take over. Judge Comerford in his book remembers Brigadier O’Dwyer’s comment as “Kilkenny people have been waiting 750 years to see the Norman soldiers and the English soldiers get our of Kilkenny City, so what difference will another half an hour of waiting make.” Led in by St Patrick’s Brass and Reed Band and marching to ‘A Nation Once Again,’ the Kilkenny IRA brigade marched from the parade towards the barracks. The Marching Unit slowed as it approached the barracks. As they were arriving the last of the English lorries was leaving the barracks heading towards the Curragh loaded with English troops who had been garrisoned in Kilkenny. A ceremonial company of about 30 English soldiers greeted the Kilkenny IRA brigade. The English troops presented arms as a salute to the IRA troops. Judge Comerford said “a time came when the British, without bugle call or other music, lowered their flag. It was hauled down the flag pole by the two ‘Tommies’ under the direction of the Captain.” When the Irish flag was finally raised the IRA brigade broke with their orders and cheered.

by James Langton:

Irish Volunteer Edward Bennet

Cork Irish Volunteers

McDermot & Pim visit Volunteer Hall, Sheares St. Cork 1915
(Manchester Martyrs Commemoration)

BACK: P. Cotter, Sean Nolan, Dathi Cotter, Sean Scanlan, Fred Murray. CENTER: Tom O’Sullivan & Diarmuid O’Shea (with rifles), Tom Barry, Pat Corkery, Donal Barrett, Donal Og O’Callaghan, Tadg Barry, Diarmud Lynch, Con Twomey (with rifle) FRONT: Sean Murphy, Tomas MacCurtain, Sean McDermot, Herbert Moore Pim, Sean O’Sullivan, Sean O’Murthille.

By James Langton:

Wormswood scrubs hungerstrikers 1920. Photo taken within the hospital grounds

By James Langton:

Tom Cullen at the races.. One of Collins’ most trusted lieutenants in the inteligence war against the British. Tom was from County Wicklow.

By Mike Vearnals:

P.J. Paddy Dalton, Dublin Brigade

By Mike Vearnals:

Veteran of the Knocklong Ambush

I.R.A. training camp at Duckett’s Grove during the 1920’s. (L to R) unknown; Liam Stack, OC Carlow Brigade; James Byrne, Adjutant Carlow Brigade.

By Mike Vearnals:

North Longford IRA

The North Longford Flying Column on Crott Mountain, 1 May 1921,
following an ambush at Reilly’s house at Fyhora, in which two B&Ts were killed.

Rear L-R: Frank Davis, John (Bun) McDowell, Seamus McKeon(bro. of Gen Sean McKeon), Michael Tracey, Paddy Lynch, Tom Reilly, James (Nap) Farrelly, Frank Gormley, Hugh Hourican.

Front L-R: Kieran(not a member of the column but ‘on the run’ & staying at Reilly’s house), Pat Cooke, Paddy (Bug) Callaghan, Tom Brady, Tom Reddington (Brigade O/C)

By Mike Vearnals:

Group of Longford Brigade IRA Officers taken by Thomas Reddington about fourteen days before the Truce of 11 July 1921. Back L-R: Bernard Garraghan, James Mulligan, MF Reynolds, Paddy ‘Bug’ Callaghan. Front L-R: EH Moran, M Heslin, S Conway, Bernard Masterson.

By James Langton:

A reunion of Tom Barrys Flying Column

Sean McKeons wedding

By James Langton:

Michael Wickham, drummer, Volunteer Pipe Band – 1916 CORK

By J.Langton:

Christopher Lucey, 3 Pembroke St. Cork – 1916 Shot dead by British forces at Tureen Dubh Ballingeary. Shot dead by British forces at Tureen Dubh Ballingeary Nov 10, 1920 at age 22

Application to join the Irish Volunteers 16 March, 1914

James (holding gloves) & Mark Wickham (James’ left) in group photo of 1916 veterans. Cork, Easter 1966

By Mike Vearnals:

All ages in that group, well kitted too, even though the boots have seen many days in the wet hills. and not looking like a rabble either, the beginning of a national army there.

By Mike Vearnals:

By Mike Vearnals:

Irish Citizen Army members drill in the Phoenix Park, late 1913.

By James Langton, text by Padraig O’Rourke:

Some of the Clare IRA who ambushed the Black & Tans at Rineen,This photo was taken at the Strand Barracks, Limerick just prior to the Civil War. Seamus Hennessy and Steve Gallagher pictured took part in the Rineen Ambush in 192o. Wether any of the others who did so are pictured or not I cant say. 1921.

By James Langton:

Cumman na mBann, at Brookfield, near Omagh, in Tyrone

By James Langton:

Irish Citizen Army members on the roof tops

By Sol Mendoza:

Lily O`Brennan, Marrobowne Lane garrison.

By James Langton:

Irish Republican Army in Limerick

By James Langton:

A Volunteer (guarding the Dáil sessions I believe)

By Risteard O’Murchu:

Irish Volunteers in the Falls area, Belfast 1914 15

By James Langton:

First Aid Unit of the 4th Battalion, Mid Clare Brigade, Irish Republican Army.

by M Vearnals:

East Clare BrigadeThis black and white photograph was taken at a reunion of the East Clare Brigade of the Old IRA, at Knappogue Castle on May 8th, 1968. During the War of Independence Clare County Council held their meetings at Knappogue Castle where they were guarded by the East Clare Flying Column. Michael Brennan, General of the East Clare Brigade also used the castle as his headquarters during that time.

By James Langton:

A small photo of Squad men Charlie Dalton (left) Tom Kehoe and Ben Byrne. (rare)

By James Langton: